The juniorate lasts from four to six years. After the novitiate the sister professes her first vows (first profession), which she renews each year until she professes her perpetual vows. As a sign of making her first vows the sister receives a black veil and the Constitutions of the Congregation and a cross with the image of the Risen Christ which she wears pinned to her habit. The juniorate is the time for grounding oneself in one’s vocation and for theoretical and practical preparation for apostolic service. The sisters continue their spiritual formation, learn how to live the vows in daily life and undertake various apostolic works. The juniorate concludes with the professing of perpetual vows. The act of perpetual profession is signed on the altar by the sister expressing in this manner the inclusion of her entire life in the Eucharistic Sacrifice of Christ.